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Learn about Depression Causes & Symptoms

Symptoms of depression

All of us experience sadness and emotional distress, when we are faced with difficult situations or grief. Often, with some support from our loved ones, we’re able to overcome these feelings in due time.

Sometimes, though, we may find that these feelings persist for a longer period—they begin to significantly interfere with our daily life. The feelings may disappear for some time but come back and disrupt our lives again.

In a situation like this, if such feelings have been persisting for over two weeks, it is likely that we are suffering from depression.

Depression is a mood disorder that can impact our thoughts, feelings, behavior and daily functioning. In severe cases, we may even experience thoughts of suicide.

Type of Symptom Examples
Moods
  • Irritability
  • Mood swings
  • Restlessness
  • Short temper
  • Uncontrollable crying
Appetite
  • Not eating enough
  • Overeating
Physical Health
  • Joint Pain
  • Low sex drive
  • Unexplainable aches and pains
  • Upset stomach
Sleep
  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • Nightmares
  • Oversleeping
Type of Symptom Examples  
Energy Levels & interest
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of interest in pleasurable activities
  • Avoiding social events
Productivity
  • Frequent absence from work or college
  • Lack of motivation
  • Reduced focus
  • Trouble making decisions
  • Delaying of work
Thoughts & Feelings
  • Guilt
  • Helplessness
  • Hopelessness
  • Low self-confidence
  • Low self-esteem
  • Worthlessness

It is important to remember that even though depression is a very distressing experience, not everyone may appear to be depressed. A person can appear happy and content, but still be suffering from emotional turmoil.

We should be careful to not make any judgements on how someone behaves when in a state of distress or depression. Our experiences and contexts are different from each other, and these differences may show up in how we behave too.