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Mental Illness

What is Mental Illness?

A mental illness, like physical illness, is a health condition that affects a person emotionally, psychologically and behaviorally; and causes distress or impairment in one or more areas of functioning. It requires a diagnosis and treatment. Some mental illnesses can be cured while others can be managed with treatment.

Types of mental illnesses

Mood disorders

Description :

Mood disturbances that are severe and prolonged

Types :

Depression, bipolar disorder

Anxiety disorders

Description :

Conditions characterized by high levels of anxiety

Types :

Generalized anxiety disorder, phobias, social anxiety

Personality disorders

Description :

Condition that affects thoughts, emotions and behavior of a person

Types :

Borderline personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder

Psychotic disorders

Description :

Mental illnesses that have psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions or paranoia.

Types :

Schizophrenia, delusional disorder, brief psychotic disorder

Eating disorders

Description :

Unhealthy eating patterns that cause emotional and physical harm

Types :

Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa

Trauma-related disorders

Description :

Illness caused due to the impact of trauma in one’s life

Types :

Post-traumatic stress disorder

Substance abuse

Description :

Condition in which the person has a dependency on a substance despite it causing harm to them

Types :

Nicotine or alcohol addiction